REALWorld Law


Public procurement

Are public private partnerships (PPPs) common? Are they promoted or encouraged by the government?



In France, public-private partnerships (Partenariat Public Privé or PPP), created in 2004, are defined as public contracts whereby a public entity pays an operator to design, build, finance and operate a public facility over the long term. Schemes whereby the operator collects fees from end-users (eg toll roads) are referred to as concessions or délégations de service public and have existed in France since the 16th century.

PPPs are encouraged by the government and since 2008/2009 they have become more common.